Complile and install Mysql server from source



Complile and install MYSQL


Preliminary installations

[root@vps ~]# yum -y install ncurses-devel


Complile and install Mysql

[root@vps ~]# groupadd mysql
[root@vps ~]# useradd -r -g mysql mysql
[root@vps ~]# cd /usr/local/src/
[root@vps src]# wget http://downloads.mysql.com/archives/mysql-5.5/mysql-5.5.0-m2.tar.gz
[root@vps src]# tar -xzf mysql-5.5.0-m2.tar.gz
[root@vps src]# cd mysql-5.5.0-m2

[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --localstatedir=/usr/local/mysql/data --disable-maintainer-mode --with-mysqld-user=mysql --with-unix-socket-path=/tmp/mysql.sock --without-comment --without-debug --without-bench

[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# make && make install

[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db

[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# chown -R root:mysql /usr/local/mysql
[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/data
  -To set the proper ownership for the MySQL directories and data files, so that only   MySQL (and root) can do anything with them.



***Default options are read from the following files in the given order:
/etc/my.cnf  /etc/mysql/my.cnf  /usr/local/mysql/etc/my.cnf  ~/.my.cnf


[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# chown root:sys /etc/my.cnf
[root@vps mysql-5.5.0-m2]# chmod 644 /etc/my.cnf


[root@vps ~]# cd /usr/local/mysql/bin
[root@vps ~]# for file in *; do ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/$file /usr/bin/$file; done
  -To set up symlinks for all the MySQL binaries, so they can be run from anyplace without having to include/specify long paths.


Create Startup service for mysql


[root@vps ~]# echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql" >> /etc/ld.so.conf
***Do not issue the above command more than once.

[root@vps ~]# ldconfig
[root@vps ~]# cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql
[root@vps ~]# chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql
[root@vps ~]# chkconfig mysql on

You can now start/stop mysql using the following commands.

[root@vps ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql start
[root@vps ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql stop


***If you are encounter any problems in start and stop mysql, you can find the reason from the error log of mysql. Error log name is in the <hostname>.err format.
Here my server hostname is vps.arun.com and therefore the error log name og mysql is vps.arun.com.err . You can use find the error log in the var directory of mysql installation. Here in my case it is /usr/local/mysql/var/vps.arun.com.err.


You can set new mysql root password using the followiing command.
[root@vps ~]# mysqladmin -u root password <newpassword>



Notes:-

Error:
Configure: error: No curses termcap library found
Fix:
[root@vps mysql]# yum install ncurses-devel -y


Error:
Error in /usr/local/mysql/var/vps.arun.com.err
/usr/local/mysql/libexec/mysqld: File './mysql-bin.index' not found (Errcode: 13)
fix:
Change the ownership of var directory in mysql's installation directory, as like follows.
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/var



That's it...

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